ARTICLE: CARTER'S GROUNDBREAKING APPOINTMENT OF WOMEN TO THE FEDERAL BENCH: HIS OTHER "HUMAN RIGHTS" RECORD Skip over navigation
LexisNexis® Browse Law Reviews and Treatises
Skip over navigation
Sign in with your lexis.com® ID to access the full text of this article.
-OR-
Order the full text of this article if you do not have a lexis.com® ID.
 
Price: 
US $22.00 (+ tax)
 
 

Copyright (c) 2003 American University Journal of Gender, Social Policy & the Law
American University Journal of Gender, Social Policy & the Law

ARTICLE: CARTER'S GROUNDBREAKING APPOINTMENT OF WOMEN TO THE FEDERAL BENCH: HIS OTHER "HUMAN RIGHTS" RECORD

2003

11 Am. U.J. Gender Soc. Pol'y & L. 1131

Author

Mary L. Clark*

Excerpt



Introduction: Carter's Pathbreaking Achievement

Jimmy Carter's leadership on global human rights issues has recently been recognized with the 2002 Nobel Peace Prize. 1 What has not been sufficiently recognized is his trailblazing leadership in appointing significant numbers of women to the federal bench - naming five times as many women as all of his predecessors combined. 2 Carter's groundbreaking appointment of women judges was motivated by his commitment to women's equality as a human right and was achieved through substantial reliance on merit selection and affirmative action principles. 3

Prior to Carter's term in office, a total of eight women had been confirmed to Article III judgeships. 4 They were: 5

Year
NameCourtPresidentConfirmed
1Florence Ellinwood Allen6th Cir.Roosevelt1934
2Burnita Shelton MatthewsD.D.C.Truman1949
3Sarah Tilghman HughesN.D. Tex.Kennedy1962
4Constance Baker MotleyS.D.N.Y.Johnson1966
5June Lazenby GreenD.D.C.Johnson1968
6Shirley Mount Hufstedler9th Cir.Johnson1968
7Cornelia KennedyD. Mich.Nixon1970
8Mary Anne RicheyD. Ariz.Ford1976

 
Only one woman served among ninety-seven judges on the federal courts of appeal and five women among nearly 400 district court judges when Carter took office in January 1977. 6 By the time he left office in January, 1981, Carter had appointed forty women to Article III courts of general jurisdiction; 7 eleven at the appeals court level and twenty-nine at the district court.

Carter's appointment of forty women constituted a clear break ...
 
 
If you are interested in obtaining a lexis.com® ID and Password, please contact us at 1-(800)-227-4908 or visit us at http://www.lexisnexis.com/.
Search Documents
 
eg., Environmental Insurance Coverage Under the Comprehensive General Liability Policy
 
 
 
 

Lexis® Web - The only search engine that delivers free web content specifically from legal sites validated by LexisNexis® attorney editors and includes tools for faster research and more relevant results.

 
LexisNexis Store
Research Now - Go to lexis.com
Connect the Dots - Free 1 hour webcast
Share. Network. Discover. - Go to LexisNexis Communities