Copyright (c) 2011 Ave Maria Law Review
Ave Maria Law Review
SYMPOSIUM: ASSISTED REPRODUCTIVE TECHNOLOGY AND THE RIGHTS OF CHILDREN: ARTICLE: ARE TWO LESBIAN PARENTS BETTER THAN A MOM AND DAD? LOGICAL AND METHODOLOGICAL FLAWS IN RECENT STUDIES AFFIRMING THE SUPERIORITY OF LESBIAN PARENTHOOD
Ave Maria Law Review
10 Ave Maria L. Rev. 79
Walter R. Schumm+
Biblarz and Stacey cited Satinover for his claim that every child has a need "for both a mother and a father." 1 Later they described such a claim as an "entrenched conviction" that "inflames culture wars over single motherhood, divorce, gay marriage, and gay parenting." 2 They certainly are not alone in questioning such convictions. Recently, numerous scholars have begun to argue that children do not really need a father per se. Peggy Drexler and Linden Gross quoted Dr. Michael Lamb, "It's become clear that the absence of a male figure is really not important," 3 reflecting an apparent scholarly consensus that fathers are no longer necessary for average, much less optimum, child development. 4 Mallon has stated that research is unequivocal in concluding that not even one study has ever found even one disadvantage for children of lesbian or gay parents. 5 In the most recent decade, in an article on lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender ("LGBT") families, Biblarz and Savci stated that lesbian mothers "tended to equal or surpass heterosexual married couples on time spent with children, parenting skill, and warmth and affection." 6 While admitting that research was virtually nonexistent with respect to comparisons of married LGBT parents and heterosexual parents 7 or between gay fathers and heterosexual fathers, 8 Biblarz and Stacey reviewed considerable research literature on gender and parenting, drawing several conclusions, as listed below.
(1) "Several studies in Table 1 found that female parents scored higher than heterosexual ...
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