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New York Civil Practice: CPLR
Copyright 2017, Matthew Bender & Company, Inc., a member of the LexisNexis Group.

12-5519 New York Civil Practice: CPLR 5519.syn


Stay of Enforcement


David L. Ferstendig

Chapter Summary


This chapter discusses CPLR 5519, which addresses when an appeal can result in a stay of a judgment or order. The chapter provides the complete text and analysis of CPLR 5519; a historical appendix of amendments to CPLR 5519; a list of legislative and judicial reports pertaining to CPLR 5519; and references to related court rules, essential forms, federal practice counterparts, and law review articles.

The chapter explains that a stay of enforcement of a judgment or order pending appeal is available where there is compliance with statutory conditions or by stipulation and order. It notes that courts have statutory authority to control stays. The chapter also discusses the automatic stays pending appeals granted to states or political subdivisions and the ability of a court to vacate, limit, or modify such stays. In contrast, private parties may obtain stays only under specified circumstances.

The chapter enumerates the requirements for staying various types of judgments and orders, including those directing the payment of money, installment payments, the assignment or delivery of personal property, the execution of instruments, the conveyance of real property, or the performance of two or more acts. It notes that an insurance company may obtain a stay to the extent of its coverage by posting an undertaking.

The chapter explains that a stay may be granted by the court, even when it is not automatically available. It further explains that the grant, denial, vacatur, or limit of a stay is within the discretion of courts. The chapter notes that a court may limit or dispense with the security needed for stays and that undertakings extend to subsequent appeals. In addition, it explains that the CPLR provides for stays after affirmance or modification of a judgment, or after a grant or denial of a motion for leave to appeal. The chapter also addresses the continuance of unaffected proceedings in the lower court during the stay. Finally, the chapter explains that an automatic stay applies to orders in Article 78 proceedings, and that a special provision applies to appeals in medical, dental, or podiatric malpractice actions.

New York Civil Practice: CPLR (more commonly known as Weinstein, Korn & Miller) is the leading treatise on New York civil procedure and litigation, and is cited frequently by New York State and federal courts as the authority on civil practice issues. It provides in-depth analysis and interpretation of New York's Civil Practice Laws and Rules (CPLR), along with expert guidance and information on common and complex procedural issues facing New York civil law practitioners.


CPLR 5519,Stay of Enforcement,Stay,Enforcement,Appeal,Stay Pending Appeal,Automatic Stay,Payment of Money,Installment Payment,Assignment,Delivery,Execution,Conveyance of Real Property,Performance of Act,Insurance Company,Insurer,Undertaking,Security,Article 78,Medical Malpractice,Dental Malpractice,Podiatric Malpractice,Malpractice,Continuation of Stay,Limitation of Stay,Political Subdivisions


CPLR 5501 discusses the scope of appeals.

CPLR 5511 discusses permissible appellants.

CPLR R5530 discusses the filing of appellate records and briefs.


New York Appellate Practice (Matthew Bender) provides complete guidance on handling appeals before New York courts.

Medina's Bostwick Practice Manual (Matthew Bender) provides the requisite forms to appeal to the New York Appellate Division or the New York Court of Appeals.
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