ARTICLE: RATIFICATION OF AFRICAN UNION TREATIES BY MEMBER STATES: LAW, POLICY AND PRACTICE Skip over navigation
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Copyright 2012 Melbourne Journal of International Law Inc. All Rights Reserved.
Melbourne Journal of International Law

ARTICLE: RATIFICATION OF AFRICAN UNION TREATIES BY MEMBER STATES: LAW, POLICY AND PRACTICE

November, 2012

Melbourne Journal of International Law

13 Melbourne J. of Int'l Law 636

Author

TIYANJANA MALUWA*

Excerpt

I INTRODUCTION

The ability of the African Union ('AU') 1 to advance enduring substantive policy goals through treaties adopted under its auspices depends on two interrelated factors: the political will of its member states and their ability to translate treaty undertakings into binding norms. As with most international organisations, the AU has provided its members with a forum, through which they have collectively adopted policies and positions on a wide variety of issues. These issues include economic integration, conservation and management of natural resources, environmental protection, counter-terrorism, peace and security, non-proliferation of nuclear weapons, refugees and internally displaced persons, democracy, human rights, corruption, non-aggression and defence. While some of these policy goals and positions are couched in the resolutions, declarations and decisions that have been adopted over the years at various levels by the AU and its predecessor, the Organization of African Unity ('OAU'), the more important or significant of these are enshrined in treaties to which the great majority of AU member states are signatory.

At the time of writing, 42 treaties have been adopted by AU member states under the aegis of the organisation. 2 Twenty-three of these treaties were adopted under the auspices of the OAU between 1965 and 2002. 3 The remaining 19 treaties have been adopted by the AU since 2002. 4 The 23 pre-2002 treaties have been subsumed under the treaty regime of the AU. Moreover, the Chairperson of the AU Commission has taken over the function previously performed by ...
 
 
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