Copyright (c) 2007 Tulsa Journal of Comparative & International Law
Tulsa Journal of Comparative & International Law
COMMENT: PEACE OR JUSTICE: NOW THAT PEACE IS BEING NEGOTIATED IN UGANDA, WILL THE ICC STILL PURSUE JUSTICE?
14 Tulsa J. Comp. & Int'l L. 295
The Ugandan government has spent the last twenty years in conflict with the Lord's Resistance Army ("LRA"), led by rebel leader Joseph Kony. 1 The LRA is notorious for the atrocities they perpetrated against their own people, particularly the Acholi tribe in Northern Uganda. 2 The Ugandan government and the LRA entered into a ceasefire agreement on August 26, 2006, 3 and renewed the extended agreement with a second ceasefire truce on November 1, 2006. 4 Negotiations for a permanent peace agreement have been promising, despite open hostilities at times between the parties. 5 Complicating the situation are the current International Criminal Court ("ICC") indictments for Joseph Kony and his top rebel leaders. 6 Uganda recommended the matter to the ICC in December, 2003, 7 while also promising amnesty for the leaders if they disarm and return home. 8 The Ugandan government is recommending a "traditional reconciliation ceremony called, "mato oput' - drinking the bitter herb" in lieu of criminal prosecution. 9
Meanwhile, the ICC has been steadfast in its commitment to prosecute the LRA, and has much at stake with the LRA being its first referral. 10 Uganda is promising protection to the LRA, but is also bound by the obligations of its membership in the ICC. 11 If Uganda refuses to cooperate with the ICC once the conflict is resolved, the ICC may lose the credibility it has gained to date. 12 Although the current peace negotiations are promising, Yoweri ...
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