ARTICLE: Evaluating Guest Worker Programs in the U.S.: A Comparison of the Bracero Program and President Bush's Proposed Immigration Reform Plan Skip over navigation
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Copyright (c) 2004 Berkeley La Raza Law Journal 
Berkeley La Raza Law Journal

ARTICLE: Evaluating Guest Worker Programs in the U.S.: A Comparison of the Bracero Program and President Bush's Proposed Immigration Reform Plan

Fall, 2004

15 Berkeley La Raza L.J. 125

Author

Kristi L. Morgan +

Excerpt

I.

INTRODUCTION

In January 2004, President Bush proposed a temporary guest worker program that will match foreign workers with U.S. employers when no domestic workers are found to fill the positions. 1 By devising a system to reform immigration and serve the economy, the Administration seeks to implement a plan that will create a source of laborers for U.S employers and entice immigrants working illegally to "come out of hiding and participate legally" in the workplace and society. 2 The proposed plan does not specifically address a particular economic sector, but speaks generally about matching workers and employers. 3 Therefore, if implemented it would seemingly be available for any American employer willing to participate, which will likely have a broad impact on both immigration and the economy.

While also not expressly directed at any particular group of foreign workers, 4 this plan undoubtedly targets labor from Mexico. The contiguous border with the U.S., the disparity in economic wealth of citizens in the U.S. and Mexico, and most importantly Mexico's history as a supplier of cheap labor for the American market and as a source of a large number of illegal immigrants all indicate that this program is aimed primarily at the Mexican migrant. Because the likely beneficiaries of Bush's proposed plan will be Mexican citizens and undocumented immigrants, a discussion of the relationship between Mexico and the U.S. regarding immigrant workers, specifically in the context of the Bracero Program, a guest worker program implemented by the U.S. ...
 
 
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