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Copyright (c) 2003 Georgetown International Environmental Law Review
Georgetown International Environmental Law Review

NOTE: Type Ii Partnerships in the Transport Context: Fulfilling Our Promises, Making the Dream a Reality?

2003

15 Geo. Int'l Envtl. L. Rev. 531

Author

TAMMY W. KLEIN*

Excerpt

I. INTRODUCTION

Air pollution from transport, especially motor vehicles, is a serious environmental problem around the world, particularly in the "megacities," where populations are clustered and dense, and where vehicle ownership and use is excessive. 1 Many of these cities far exceed World Health Organization (WHO) Air Quality Guidelines, and government officials are struggling to address this growing health threat with few resources, a lack of information, and, in some cases, a lack of political will. 2 Moreover, many countries are hampered by a lack of institutions to regulate emissions. 3 International institutions, particularly various arms of the United Nations over the last decade, have provided information and other support, including financial, to these countries with varying degrees of success. 4 These institutions understand the growing problem of motor vehicle air pollution, and their role is important in the development and implementation of policies to curb air pollution in developing countries.

The importance of understanding the connection between public health, sustainable development, and excessive motor vehicle emissions was recognized in the recent World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD or the Summit) in its Plan of Implementation. 5 In this Plan, world leaders vowed to phase out leaded gasoline and strengthen and support efforts to reduce motor vehicle emissions by introducing cleaner fuels and modern pollution control technologies. 6 While unstated in the Plan, the international community appears to be banking on the formation of "Type II partnerships," which are voluntary initiatives ...
 
 
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