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Moore's Federal Practice - Civil
Copyright 2017, Matthew Bender & Company, Inc., a member of the LexisNexis Group.

22-404 Moore's Federal Practice - Civil 404.syn


Supreme Court Jurisdiction, Authorization for Three-Judge Courts and Direct Appeals to the Supreme Court


Drew S. Days, III;Alfred M. Rankin

Chapter Summary


In rare instances, a direct appeal from a federal district court to the Supreme Court is authorized. Also, in some specific situations, a three-judge district court may be authorized or required.

This chapter of Moore's Federal Practice examines the limited range of cases in which a direct appeal to the Supreme Court is authorized. Most of these cases involve review of the decisions of three-judge district courts, which are required to be convened under the provisions of certain specialized statutes.

This chapter analyzes the jurisdiction, composition, and procedures of the three-judge district court, as permitted or required in certain voting rights, civil rights, and legislative reapportionment cases, as well as several other areas. Also, differences under the various statutes are compared and contrasted. The chapter next examines issues relating to appeals from the orders and judgments of three-judge courts, as well as appeals and other methods of review of the decisions of single judges regarding the convening of three-judge courts, and single judges as members of three-judge courts. Further, jurisdictional issues involving the relative roles of the courts of appeals and Supreme Court are also explored.

This chapter examines direct appeals to the Supreme Court in single-judge cases under the antitrust laws and elsewhere.

Moore's Federal Practice (Matthew Bender) is the leading source of analysis of federal court practice and procedure and has been repeatedly relied upon by federal courts around the country. It has comprehensive and authoritative analysis on federal civil, criminal, appellate, and admiralty procedure, along with the full text of the federal rules and extensive commentary and analysis of the rules and cases interpreting the rules.


Federal court,federal court practice,Supreme Court,United States Supreme court,Supreme Court of the United States,Supreme Court jurisdiction,three-judge district court,direct appeal,three-judge court


For a broad overview of the appellate process, see Ch. 200, Considerations in Appellate Practice and Ch. 403, Supreme Court Appellate Jurisdiction Generally.

For more information on the process of appealing from judgments and orders of the district court in general, see Ch. 303, Appeal as of Right--How Taken and Ch. 305, Appeal by Permission.

For a discussion on extraordinary writs, see Ch. 321, Writs of Mandamus and Prohibition, and Other Extraordinary Writs.

For more information on the procedures for appeal to the Supreme Court from a district court, see Ch. 518, Appeal from a United States District Court.


For a discussion on the Supreme Court generally, see Moore's Manual--Federal Practice and Procedure, Ch. 29, Appeal to Supreme Court (Matthew Bender).

For a discussion on three-judge district courts, see Moore's Manual--Federal Practice and Procedure, Ch. 1, Federal Courts (Matthew Bender).

For more information on the types of cases in which three-judge district courts are required, see Bender's Federal Practice Forms, Three-Judge District Courts (Matthew Bender).

For detailed analysis and case law on federal evidence, see Weinstein's Federal Evidence (Matthew Bender).

For discussion and strategic tips on federal civil cases, see Moore's AnswerGuide: Federal Civil Motion Practice (Matthew Bender) and Moore's AnswerGuide: Federal Pretrial Civil Litigation (Matthew Bender).
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