COMMENT: REFORMASI AND PUBLIC CORRUPTION: WHY INDONESIA'S ANTI-CORRUPTION AGENCY STRATEGY SHOULD BE REFORMED TO EFFECTIVELY COMBAT PUBLIC CORRUPTION Skip over navigation
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Copyright (c) 2011 Emory University School of Law
Emory International Law Review

COMMENT: REFORMASI AND PUBLIC CORRUPTION: WHY INDONESIA'S ANTI-CORRUPTION AGENCY STRATEGY SHOULD BE REFORMED TO EFFECTIVELY COMBAT PUBLIC CORRUPTION

2011

Emory International Law Review

25 Emory Int'l L. Rev. 587

Author

Joanna MacMillan*

Excerpt



Introduction: Indonesia's Solution to Public Corruption by the Establishment of a Centralized Anti-corruption Agency
 
Indonesia was once at the "forefront of Asia's economic miracle." 1 Under President Suharto, Indonesia experienced "impressive gains in overall economic growth." 2 However, poverty remained pervasive, and corruption had "grown along with the economy." 3 In 1998, Transparency International's Corruption Perceptions Index ("CPI") 4 ranked Indonesia as number eighty out of eighty-five countries, 5 placing the nation as one of the most corrupt countries in the world. 6 Economic distortions caused by public corruption in Indonesia were a major factor contributing to the Asian Financial Crisis of 1998, leading to massive riots 7 and a "total meltdown of governance." 8

After 1998, Indonesia launched into a period of reform, commonly referred to as Reformasi. 9 Integral to the concept of Indonesia's reform agenda is the eradication of corruption. In hopes of duplicating Hong Kong's successful corruption-fighting strategy, 10 Indonesia established the Komisi Permberantasan Korupsi (Corruption Eradication Commission - "KPK"), a centralized anti-corruption agency. 11 Over a seven-year time span, this centralized anti-corruption agency has investigated, prosecuted, and achieved a 100% conviction rate in eighty-six cases of bribery and graft related to government procurements and budgets. 12 The KPK has become internationally acclaimed - high-ranking businessmen, bureaucrats, bankers, governors, diplomats, lawmakers, prosecutors, police officials, and other previously "untouchable" members of Indonesian society have "been made to discover a phenomenon new to [Indonesia]: the perp walk." 13

As of 2011, Indonesia ...
 
 
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