Copyright (c) 2005 George Washington University
George Washington International Law Review
ARTICLE: ISRAEL'S SECURITY BARRIER: AN INTERNATIONAL COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS AND LEGAL EVALUATION
37 Geo. Wash. Int'l L. Rev. 309
Dr. Barry A. Feinstein*, Justus Reid Weiner**
Some call it a fence. Others call it a wall. Some see an outrageous land grab disrupting thousands of lives, 1 an "apartheid" scheme 2 with intent to expel 3 the residents living on one side 4 and to imprison residents living on the other. 5 Others look upon it as the ultimate passive, non-violent solution that will save lives, that will protect themselves and their children from the ongoing horror of suicide bombings and other deadly terror attacks. 6 These are the incongruent perceptions of Palestinians and Israelis to the fence/wall 7 that Israel is constructing between the two populations in the occupied/disputed 8 territories of the West Bank.
Whether it is called "terrorism," "an armed struggle against occupation," or "jihad," violent attacks by armed groups aimed at civilian populations and non-military targets constitute a new life-and-death challenge worldwide. To meet this challenge, states on the front lines in the global war on terrorism are taking defensive measures. These measures, designed to reduce the threat created by sustained waves of terrorism, include minefields, berms, trenches, buffer zones, barbed wire, sensors, sandbags, neutral zones, cement-filled pipelines, fences, and fortifications. Saudi Arabia, for example, is constructing a security barrier that includes cameras and other electronic sensing devices along its disputed border with Yemen that "is part of a larger plan to erect what will be an electronic surveillance system along the entire length of the Kingdom's frontiers ... involving fencing, ...
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