ARTICLE: KEEPING SECRETS IN THE CAMPUS LAB: LAW, VALUES AND RULES OF ENGAGEMENT FOR INDUSTRY-UNIVERSITY R&D PARTNERSHIPS Skip over navigation
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Copyright (c) 2002 Academy of Legal Studies in Business
American Business Law Journal

ARTICLE: KEEPING SECRETS IN THE CAMPUS LAB: LAW, VALUES AND RULES OF ENGAGEMENT FOR INDUSTRY-UNIVERSITY R&D PARTNERSHIPS

Winter, 2002

American Business Law Journal

39 Am. Bus. L.J. 187

Author

Joshua A. Newberg * and Richard L. Dunn **

Excerpt

Over the last two decades, the role of private industry in university research has expanded dramatically throughout much of the industrialized world. 1 In the United States, technology transfer through industry-university research collaboration ("IURC") is ubiquitous and actively encouraged both by university administrators and an array of federal and state government policies. 2 Supporters credit such collaborations with significantly enhancing the technological capacity and economic competitiveness of U.S. firms, 3 encouraging the commercialization of advanced university-generated technology, 4 and helping to underwrite the costs of conducting state-of-the-art university research. 5 On the other side of the debate, critics of IURC argue that the commercial objectives and interests of private firms are fundamentally inconsistent with the academic values of the university, 6 and that the policies that have been implemented to encourage industry-university research collaboration compromise and undermine the academic mission of the nation's institutions of higher learning. 7

The task of critically evaluating industry-university research collaboration is complicated by the fact that the term encompasses a very broad range of organizational forms and institutional mechanisms for ordering such relationships. 8 And while there has been considerable research and commentary on the subject of IURC, much of the literature focuses on a few policy "inputs"--for example, public laws governing federal funding priorities and intellectual property rights--and quantifiable "outputs" of collaborative research arrangements, such as inventions patented, licenses granted, and royalties collected. 9 As important as these factors are, a critical assessment of IURC also requires an understanding of the actual ...
 
 
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