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Copyright (c) 1998 Howard University
Howard Law Journal

ARTICLE: A CASE STUDY OF SUDAN AND THE ORGANIZATION OF AFRICAN UNITY

Spring, 1998

41 How. L.J. 413

Author

DeJuan Bouvean *

Excerpt



"Slavery is the status or condition of a person over whom any or all of the powers attaching to the right of ownership are exercised." 1

I. INTRODUCTION
 
As the geographically largest country on the African continent, 2 Sudan 3 has approximately twenty-six million inhabitants. 4 Arab Muslims principally occupy the North, and Black African Christians and animists mostly reside in the South. 5 These groups are engaged in a violent and brutal struggle against one another to vindicate their individual agendas. 6 Moreover, all factions in Sudan are guilty of human rights violations against one another and against Sudanese civilians. 7 The Arab Muslims in the north, however, commit, by far, most of the crimes against Sudanese civilians. 8 And in the middle of this country's bitter civil war, one might expect to find the continent's regional governmental body - the Organization of African Unity (OAU). 9 This article essentially argues that the OAU must take a more aggressive stand against the Arab Muslim government of Sudan and other African countries that are guilty of human rights violations.

While some commentators describe the civil war as either the northerners against southerners, Arabs massacring Black Africans, or Muslims fighting Christians, 10 these simplifications do not reflect the country's complex political history. 11 Thus, Part II of this article gives an overview of this history. In Part III, the author discusses the Arab government's more egregious human rights violations in connection with an internationally recognized ...
 
 
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