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Copyright (c) 1999 McGill Law Journal
McGill Law Journal

ARTICLE: The Civil Code of the Russian Federation and International Agreements

August, 1999

44 McGill L.J. 473


Mikhail G. Rozenberg *


I. Definition of an International Agreement in Russian Law

The term "international agreement of the Russian Federation" is defined as an international agreement in writing entered into by the Russian Federation with one or more foreign countries, or with an international organization. Such an agreement is regulated by international law, regardless of whether it is contained in one document or in several related documents. This definition follows the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, 1 and the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties Between States and International Organizations or Between International Organizations. 2

The Russian Federation's international agreements are concluded with foreign countries as well as with international organizations on behalf of the Russian Federation (inter-state agreements), the Government of the Russian Federation (inter-governmental agreements), and federal executive authorities (inter-departmental agreements). The Russian Federation is party to a substantial number of international agreements governing civil law relations. These include, inter alia, agreements on contracts for the international sale and carriage of goods, 3 as well as agreements on intellectual and industrial property. 4 The U.S.S.R. and the Russian Federation took part in the development of a number of other international agreements which have yet to be ratified by the Russian Federation. 5

II. Machinery for the Enforcement of International Agreements in the Russian Federation

Pursuant to article 7(2) of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation, 6 international agreements concluded by the Russian Federation apply directly to civil law relations -- ...
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