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Copyright (c) 2006 University of Puerto Rico Law Review
Revista Juridica Universidad de Puerto Rico

ARTICULO: DRUG PROHIBITION IN AMERICA: FEDERAL DRUG POLICY AND ITS CONSEQUENCES

2006

Revista Juridica Universidad De Puerto Rico

75 Rev. Jur. U.P.R. 1215

Author

MARGARITA MERCADO ECHEGARAY *

Excerpt

I. INTRODUCTION

Illicit drugs have become an important part of American society. Ninety-two (92) years after the approval of the first antinarcotics legislation in the United States, drugs are still illegal but the repercussions of the illegal drug trade are rampant; illicit drugs are readily available in America; drug prices have decreased while drug purity has increased; millions of Americans use both licit and illicit drugs; drug users are denied access to quality health care and rehabilitation services; and hundreds of thousands of Americans are incarcerated each year for drug related offenses.

In 1971, America initiated a War Against Drugs in which the federal government has employed several strategies to curb the use of illicit drugs. In an effort to achieve a drug free society, billions of dollars and great governmental, human, and social resources have been spent to reduce drug supply and demand in the United States, but an end to this social, political, and economical "war" is yet to be achieved. Each year, the nation's drug control budget expands and the total costs of dealing with the consequences of drug use in the United States reaches unprecedented levels. In 2003, the nation's drug control budget was $ 11.4 billions 1 and in 2005, America spent an estimated $ 12.6 billion on the National Drug Control Strategy. 2 Furthermore, in 2002, the Office of National Drug Control Policy estimated that $ 180.9 billion were spent in resources to address the health and crime consequences of drug use, increasing ...
 
 
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