ARTICLE: TRADE AND ENVIRONMENT: ENVIRONMENT AND TRADE AS PARTNERS IN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: A COMMENTARY Skip over navigation
LexisNexis® Browse Law Reviews and Treatises
Skip over navigation
Sign in with your lexis.com® ID to access the full text of this article.
-OR-
Order the full text of this article if you do not have a lexis.com® ID.
 
Price: 
US $22.00 (+ tax)
 
 

Copyright 1992, The American Society of International Law.
The American Society of International Law Newsletter

ARTICLE: TRADE AND ENVIRONMENT: ENVIRONMENT AND TRADE AS PARTNERS IN SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: A COMMENTARY

October, 1992

86 A.J.I.L. 728

Author

EDITH BROWN WEISS *

Excerpt

Trade is not an end in itself; rather, it is a means to an end. The end is environmentally sustainable economic development. n1 So viewed, there are legitimate constraints on trading patterns and practices that are necessary to ensure that the "instrument of trade" leads to environmentally sustainable development. Measures needed to protect the environment cannot be forsworn simply because they may adversely affect free trading relationships.



n1 Arthur Dunkel, the Director-General of GATT, explicitly acknowledged this dynamic in his plenary presentation to the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development, Rio de Janeiro, June 11, 1992. See also WORLD COMMISSION ON ENVIRONMENT AND DEVELOPMENT, OUR COMMON FUTURE (1987). The Brundtland Commission defined sustainable development "as a process of change in which the use of resources, the direction of investments, the orientation of technological developments, and institutional change all enhance the potential to meet human needs both today and tomorrow." Id. at 46.

When we link environmental protection and free trade in the framework of environmentally sustainable development, we necessarily adopt a long-term perspective. Sustainable development is inherently intergenerational. This, too, imposes limits on the extent to which we are able to maximize consumption today without concern for the legacy we pass to future generations. n2



n2 See EDITH BROWN WEISS, IN FAIRNESS TO FUTURE GENERATIONS: INTERNATIONAL LAW, COMMON PATRIMONY, AND INTERGENERATIONAL EQUITY (1989). Moreover, since free trade is regarded as enhancing competitiveness, it is important to note that competitiveness has an intergenerational dimension, so that environmentally ...
 
 
If you are interested in obtaining a lexis.com® ID and Password, please contact us at 1-(800)-227-4908 or visit us at http://www.lexisnexis.com/.
Search Documents
 
eg., Environmental Insurance Coverage Under the Comprehensive General Liability Policy
 
 
 
 

Lexis® Web - The only search engine that delivers free web content specifically from legal sites validated by LexisNexis® attorney editors and includes tools for faster research and more relevant results.

 
LexisNexis Store
Research Now - Go to lexis.com
Connect the Dots - Free 1 hour webcast
Share. Network. Discover. - Go to LexisNexis Communities