CURRENT DEVELOPMENT: The Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Skip over navigation
LexisNexis® Browse Law Reviews and Treatises
Skip over navigation
Sign in with your® ID to access the full text of this article.
Order the full text of this article if you do not have a® ID.
US $22.00 (+ tax)

Copyright (c) 1998 The American Society of International Law
American Journal of International Law

CURRENT DEVELOPMENT: The Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

April, 1998

92 A.J.I.L. 315


Clare Breidenich, Daniel Magraw, Anne Rowley and James W. Rubin *


In December 1997, in Kyoto, Japan, over 160 parties to the 1992 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (FCCC or Convention) 1 adopted the Kyoto Protocol, 2 which, for the first time, establishes legally binding limits for industrialized countries on emissions of carbon dioxide and other "greenhouse gases." 3 The Kyoto Protocol (the Protocol) is quite complex, reflecting the complicated political, economic, scientific and legal issues raised by human-induced climate change. 4 The result of more than two years of preparatory discussions and eleven days of oftenintense negotiations in Kyoto, the Protocol will be opened for signature in March 1998 for one year, although countries may accede to it after that period. 5 It will enter into force ninety days after at least fifty-five parties to the FCCC, encompassing FCCC Annex I parties that accounted in total for at least 55 percent of the total emissions for 1990 of carbon dioxide (CO[2]) of Annex I parties, have ratified, accepted, approved or acceded to the Protocol. 6

This report presents a brief review of the most significant features of the Kyoto Protocol. It first examines the background to the negotiation of the Protocol, including a discussion of global climate change. It then examines some of the earlier multilateral efforts to address the issue. The report next describes the core commitments and other major components of the Protocol, focusing particularly on the compliance elements. The essay concludes by considering the probable next steps ...
If you are interested in obtaining a® ID and Password, please contact us at 1-(800)-227-4908 or visit us at
Search Documents
eg., Environmental Insurance Coverage Under the Comprehensive General Liability Policy

Lexis® Web - The only search engine that delivers free web content specifically from legal sites validated by LexisNexis® attorney editors and includes tools for faster research and more relevant results.

LexisNexis Store
Research Now - Go to
Connect the Dots - Free 1 hour webcast
Share. Network. Discover. - Go to LexisNexis Communities